Angel fish ( Pterophyllum scalare ) is among the members of the cichlid family. This fish species, whose natural habitat is South America, has a very elegant and beautiful appearance. For this reason, it is frequently preferred by aquarium lovers. Angel fish grow on average up to 15 cm and have a large number of subspecies in various patterns. Angel fish are among the long-lived and easy -to- maintain fish species . However, if their needs are not known and they are not sensitive about their care, they are not able to live in aquarium environment for a long time. For this reason, angelfish care should be conscious about its , and it should be ensured that they eat properly and accommodate under appropriate aquarium conditions.
Caring for angel fish is easier and inexpensive compared to other aquarium fish. It is quite difficult for wild specimens of these fish caught in their natural habitat to live in an aquarium environment. But generations of domestic species be produced in sizes aquarium Who is more effortless. In order to be healthy and long-lasting, they need to be maintained in high and wide aquariums. Accordingly, an ideal angelfish aquarium should be at least 50 cm high. Also, the aquariums of these elegant-looking fish should be cleaned regularly and a filter system should be available in the aquarium.
Another point to be considered about angelfish care is the planting of aquariums . For planting, java algae, water sprite plants and aquarium plants such as Amazon sword can be preferred. Thanks to these plants, both the aquarium gets a beautiful appearance and angel fish feel themselves in their natural habitats. Also, thanks to the plants in the aquarium, suitable conditions are provided for the pups to hide.
Angel fish are creatures that love soft water more, as in their natural habitats. For this reason, the pH of the aquarium water should be 6-7 degrees. Again, angel fish aquarium temperature should be between 26-28 degrees on average.
In addition, angel fish are omnivore creatures. In other words , they can be fed with both vegetable and animal fish food . They feed on the surface due to the low mouth structures. Therefore, flakes that do not sink to the bottom should be preferred for angelfish nutrition . The most ideal foods are frozen live foods, dry live foods and dry foods containing spirulina. However, if they are fed versatile with live and dry food, the filter mechanism of the aquarium should be good and water changes should not be neglected. In addition, it is sufficient to feed angelfish offspring 1-2 times a day and adults once.
Overfeeding should be avoided during angelfish care . Because not consumed by the fish fodder accumulates more and leads to degradation of the pH balance of the aquarium s . For this reason, the behavior of the fish should be monitored in order to determine the ideal amount of feed, feeding should be done slowly and feeding should be terminated when the speed of feeding of the fish decreases.
Angel fish are fish that live in the middle parts of aquariums. These fish, which live in flocks before adulthood , match when they reach sexual maturity and determine their own area in the aquarium. However, it should be noted that angel fish do not mate randomly . So they choose their own wives again. For this reason, at least 250 liters 8-10 angel fish aquarium putting together the ularak should be given the opportunity to choose their spouses. Angel fish that choose their spouse should not be kept together with other fish and placed in another aquarium. The dimensions of this aquarium can be 80cm x 40cm x 50 cm. In addition, it is useful to create a suitable corner for spawning in the aquarium where they are placed . Because these fish, with great care, search and choose the place to lay eggs after they get used to the new aquarium.
The water temperature and softness of the breeding aquarium should be at an appropriate level. The female and male angelfish, which are suitable for their mating , watch together for their eggs. If they are mushroomed between their eggs, they prevent them from passing into healthy eggs by eating. In addition to these puppies angelfish care then during the most important issues to be considered until at least 1 month should be separated from their parents. Well-kept offspring reach sexual maturity in about 10-12 months.
Differentiating gender in angel fish requires knowledge and experience. In order to understand the sex of an angel fish, it should be expected to reach puberty first. This means that it must be at least five months old. But no matter how experienced they are, there is a possibility of a mistake about gender. Angel fish in a small profit when they reach puberty t u p appears in these tubes and the sperm in the female fish male fish to come out of the eggs. Soon, if the tip of this tube is pointed, the fish is male , otherwise it is female. Although this method is generally used for gender discrimination , different methods can be used . For example; the female angel fish’s nose is higher than their tails, while the male is in line . In addition, female angelfish often appear smaller than males.
One of the important points to be considered about angelfish care is the relationship of angelfish with other fish species. One of the fish that the angel fish get along best is the fish that calls it ” flag bubble gum “. The aquarium conditions required by these species, which are also in natural habitats, are the same. Also among the species that live with angelfish are tetra , plati and scarab fish. However , small aquarium fish like guppies should not be fed in the same aquarium as angelfish. Because angel fish eat small fish in a short time. Again , it is recommended that they should not be placed in the same aquarium as discus fish . The most important reason for this is the possibility of transmitting some parasites they are immune to discus .
Angel fish are susceptible to white spot disease. White spot disease is often seen due to an opportunistic parasite. This parasite spreads when appropriate conditions occur and passes to other fish. The disease may progress even more, especially when angelfish care and feeding are not sensitive. For this , fish should be well-fed , and supplemented with fish vitamins and minerals .
Angelfish diseases include tail loss. In order to prevent these diseases, the aquarium should be maintained regularly, quality fish food should be used and the immune systems of the fish should be strengthened.